Who is considered as the "founding father" of Indian Space Programme?

Dr Vikram A Sarabhai

Why was Thumba selected for being the rocket launching station ?

The geomagnetic equator of the earth passes over Thumba.

Which was the rocket first launched from TERLS? When was it launched?

The first rocket launched from TERLS was the US made Nike-Apache. The launch took place on November 21, 1963.

When was Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC) formed?

In July 1972, SSTC along with other space research establishments like Thumba Equatorial Launching Station (TERLS), Rocket Propellant Plant (RPP), Rocket Farication facility (RFF), Propellent Fuel Complex (PFC) and the Indian Scientific Satellite Project (ISSP), Bangalore came under the umbrella of Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC) in 1972 with Prof Brahm Prakash as its Director.

When was ISRO formed?

On August 15, 1969.

When was Department of Space and Space Commission constituted?

 In 1972. ISRO was brought under DOS on June 1, 1972.

Name the first Indian made rocket? When was it launched?

Sounding rocket, RH-75; Launched on November 20, 1967.

What does the letter 'RH' and the numerals on an Indian sounding rocket signify?

RH stands for 'Rohini' sounding rocket and the numeral indicate the diameter of the rocket.


What is a sounding rocket?

A sounding rocket is one which is intended for assessing the physical parameters of the upper atmosphere.


Name the other Indian Sounding rockets?

Apart from RH-75, India has developed RH-100, RH-125, RH-200, RH-300, RH-300 Mk II, RH-560, RH-560 SV and Menaka.

Which are the other Centres of ISRO?

ISRO Satellite Centre (ISAC) at Bangalore; Satish Dhawan Space Centre-SHAR at Srihaarikota, Andhrapradesh; Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre at Thiruvananthapuram and Bangalore; ISRO Propulsion Complex at Mahendragiri in Tamilnadu and Space Application Centre (SAC) at Ahmedabad.

What specialized work is carried out in each Centre?

Satellites are designed and developed at ISAC; Integration and launching of satellites are carried out at SDSC; Development of liquid stages including cryogenic stage is carried out at LPSC; testing of the liquid engines are carried out at IPRC and application aspects of the space technology are taken up at SAC, Ahmedabad.

Which is the spaceport of India?

SDSC-SHAR is the sole space port of ISRO. However sounding rockets are also launched from TERLS at Thiruvananthapuram.


Which is the first launch vehicle of India? When was it launched?

Satellite Launch Vehicle-3 (SLV3). The first successful launch of SLV3 took place on July 18, 1980 from SDSC SHAR.

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